Year 2019, Volume 6 , Issue 2, Pages 352 - 365 2019-12-13

What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning

Galip KARTAL [1]


This paper is devoted to exploring the way how the mobile instant messaging WhatsApp is deployed to enhance the learning of a second or foreign language. Therefore, this study set out to investigate the empirical studies related to WhatsApp and language learning published in peer-reviewed journals. Thirty-seven studies were selected after a four-phase article identification procedure and a systematic review was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of WhatsApp on language learning. The analysis focused on the keywords, sample sizes, participants, data sets, duration, and language learning benefits of the studies. The results have shown that WhatsApp has been used diversely in language learning. The studies found evidence that WhatsApp can be used to improve the four language skills (i.e. reading, listening, writing, and speaking), integrated language skills, and vocabulary. Moreover, WhatsApp was found to be effective in increasing motivation and language attitudes, fostering learner autonomy, increasing interaction, and lowering language anxiety. The study also provided future research directions and recommendations for practice concerning how to appropriately employ mobile instant messaging in language learning.


WhatsApp, Mobile instant messaging, Mobile phones, Language learning, EFL
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4656-2108
Author: Galip KARTAL (Primary Author)
Institution: Necmettin Erbakan University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 13, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ijcer599138, journal = {International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-3868}, address = {}, publisher = {Mustafa AYDIN}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {352 - 365}, doi = {10.33200/ijcer.599138}, title = {What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning}, key = {cite}, author = {KARTAL, Galip} }
APA KARTAL, G . (2019). What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research , 6 (2) , 352-365 . DOI: 10.33200/ijcer.599138
MLA KARTAL, G . "What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning". International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 6 (2019 ): 352-365 <http://ijcer.net/en/issue/50452/599138>
Chicago KARTAL, G . "What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning". International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 6 (2019 ): 352-365
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning AU - Galip KARTAL Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33200/ijcer.599138 DO - 10.33200/ijcer.599138 T2 - International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 352 EP - 365 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2148-3868 M3 - doi: 10.33200/ijcer.599138 UR - https://doi.org/10.33200/ijcer.599138 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning %A Galip KARTAL %T What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning %D 2019 %J International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research %P -2148-3868 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33200/ijcer.599138 %U 10.33200/ijcer.599138
ISNAD KARTAL, Galip . "What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning". International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 6 / 2 (December 2019): 352-365 . https://doi.org/10.33200/ijcer.599138
AMA KARTAL G . What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research. 2019; 6(2): 352-365.
Vancouver KARTAL G . What’s up with WhatsApp? A Critical Analysis of Mobile Instant Messaging Research in Language Learning. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research. 2019; 6(2): 365-352.