Exploring the Gap between College Cluster Natural Science and 1st Cycle Primary School Environmental Science Curriculum

Abstract views: 29 / PDF downloads: 24


  • Zemenu Mihret


Primary School Science Education, College Cluster Natural Science Curriculum, School Environmental Science Curriculum


The purpose of this study was to explore the gap between college cluster Natural Science and School Environmental Science Curriculum.  It was conducted realizing the fact that primary level science education is a corner stone to lay a foundation to get young citizens who are interested and attracted towards natural science and other technology fields as these fields determine greatly the advancement of a nation.  The study analyzed different documents like college cluster natural science curriculum guide and school environmental science curriculum guide, environmental science textbooks, environmental science MLC document, and primary school science kit manual.  In addition, the study included 14 Debre Markos & 7 Injibara Teacher Education Colleges’ natural science instructors and 28 school environmental science teachers working in and around Debre Markos Town as human participants of the study.  Objectives, contents, teaching learning methods, assessment techniques, and learning experiences were investigated in the documents mentioned earlier.  Sample units were selected using availability sampling technique.  Data relevant to the study were collected using open ended & closed ended questionnaires from college and school science teachers, document analysis, and discussions with college and school science teachers.  Quantitative and qualitative data analyses techniques were employed. Data collected from closed ended questionnaires and some part of the document analysis were analyzed quantitatively whereas data collected from open ended questionnaires, some part of document analysis, and  discussions were analyzed qualitatively.  Based on the analyses of the data from the multilevel sources, conclusions were drawn and recommendations were forwarded to concerned authorities.


• Chatterje, A. (2008). College Teacher Training. New Delhi: Crescent Publishing Corporation.

• Derebssa Dufera. (n.d). Quality of Teaching and Learning in Ethiopian Primary Schools: Tension February between Traditional and Innovative ,2013fromhttp://home.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/cice/e-orum/paper68.pdf teaching-learning Approaches. Retrieved on

• Eshetu Asfaw, et al. (2009). Science and mathematics secondary education in Ethiopia: An Option paper presented at the Technical Workshop on Science and Mathematics

• (SEIA) Follow-up Program. January 29 – February 06, Secondary Education in Africa : Tunis ESTA. (2006). National science, technology and innovation (STI) policy of Ethiopia (Draft for discussion).

• Addis Ababa: Unpublished ICDR. (2003). Minimum Learning Competency (MLC) for Grades one to four. Addis Ababa: Unpublished

• ICDR. (2004). Environmental Science Curriculum Guide (From Grade 1 to 4). Addis Ababa. (Amharic Document).

• ICDR. (2004). Environmental Science Curriculum Guide from grade one to grade four. Addis Ababa: Amharic

• Document (Unpublished). Kaushik, V.K., and Sharma, S.R. (2002). Teaching science in elementary schools. New Delhi: Anmol

• Publications PVT. LTD. Kober, N. (1993). What we know about science teaching and learning. Washington, DC: Council for

• Educational Development and Research. Mc Dermott, L. C. (1990). A perspective on teachers’ preparation in physics and other sciences: The need for special science courses. American Journal of Physics 58 (8):734-742.

• Messay, K. (2006). UNESCO Forum Occasional Paper Series Paper no. 10: The Roots and Fallouts of Haile

• Selassie’s Educational Policy. France: UNESCO MoE (2008). Science kit manual for teachers guide from grades 1 to 8. Addis Ababa: EMPDA

• MoE (2009). Strategies for improving Science and Mathematics education in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa,

• Ethiopia: Unpublished Nanda, V.K. (2002). Teaching of general science in elementary schools. New Delhi: Anmol Publications PVT. LTD.

• NCCA. (1999). Primary school science curriculum. Dublin: Retrieved on February, 5, 2012 http://www.curriculumonline.ie/en/Primary_School_ Curriculum/

• NCREL. (1995). Providing Hands-On, Minds-On, and Authentic Learning Experiences in

• Retrieved on December, 20, 2009 from http://www.ncrel.org/msc/msc.htm Science.

• NCTE. (2009). National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education. New Delhi: Retrieved on January, 20, from http://www.ncte-india.org.htm.

• Niemi, H., and Jakku-sihvonen, R. (2009). Teacher Education Curriculum of secondary school teachers. Helsinki: University of http://www.helsinki.fi/vokke/english.htm Helsinki. Retrieved on December, , from

• NOE. (2008). Ethiopian Third National Learning Assessment of Grade Four and Eight Students. Addis Ababa. NOE/MOE

• Stemler, S. (2001). An overview of content analysis. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, (17).

• Retrieved on March 29, 2008 from http://PAREonline.net/getvn.asp?v=7&n=17

• Temechegn Engida (2001). What research says about African science education? Ethiopian Journal of Education, 8(2), 67-79.

• TGE. (1994). Education and Training Policy. Addis Ababa: EMPDA

• Thornton R. K. (1999). Using the results of research in science education to improve science learning: Paper on December, presented at the 1999 International Conference on Science Education. Retrieved , 2011 from; http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=

• USAID. (2008). Review of the Ethiopian Education and Training policy and its implementation. Addis

• Ababa. Andinet Printers. Venkataiah, S. (2002). Science education in 21st century. New Delhi: Anmol Publication PVT. LTD.

• Yalew Endawoke. (2006). Basic Principles of Educational Research. Addis Ababa: Alpha Printing Press (Amharic Version).




How to Cite

Mihret, Z. (2022). Exploring the Gap between College Cluster Natural Science and 1st Cycle Primary School Environmental Science Curriculum. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, 1(1), 21–33. Retrieved from https://ijcer.net/index.php/pub/article/view/10