Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 1, Pages 240 - 252 2020-06-15

Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?

Erhan BİNGÖLBALİ [1] , Ferhan BİNGÖLBALİ [2]


This study explores whether mathematics tasks in primary school mathematics textbooks provide opportunities for divergent and convergent thinking. Four mathematics textbooks (one from each of first to fourth grades) are examined for this purpose. A task is divided into three segments for the analysis and the segments are named as the beginning, the intermediary, and the end. These segments are analysed in terms of the numbers of entry points, solution methods, and correct outcomes respectively. The modes of the segments enable us to identify six different tasks. Tasks that definitively have an open-ending (multiple correct outcomes) are considered to have divergent thinking features and those which have only one correct outcome are deemed to have convergent thinking characteristics. The study reveals that the textbooks provide opportunities for both divergent and convergent thinking, yet more chances are particularly given for convergent thinking. The findings are discussed in relation to divergent and convergent thinking alongside creativity and some implications are provided for textbooks studies.
Divergent thinking, Convergent thinking, Mathematics textbook analysis, Creativity, Open-ended tasks
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5373-9341
Author: Erhan BİNGÖLBALİ (Primary Author)
Institution: AFYON KOCATEPE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0847-1328
Author: Ferhan BİNGÖLBALİ
Institution: Independent Scholar
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { ijcer689555, journal = {International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-3868}, address = {}, publisher = {Mustafa AYDIN}, year = {2020}, volume = {7}, pages = {240 - 252}, doi = {10.33200/ijcer.689555}, title = {Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?}, key = {cite}, author = {Bi̇ngölbali̇, Erhan and Bi̇ngölbali̇, Ferhan} }
APA Bi̇ngölbali̇, E , Bi̇ngölbali̇, F . (2020). Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks? . International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research , 7 (1) , 240-252 . DOI: 10.33200/ijcer.689555
MLA Bi̇ngölbali̇, E , Bi̇ngölbali̇, F . "Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?" . International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 7 (2020 ): 240-252 <http://ijcer.net/en/pub/issue/54696/689555>
Chicago Bi̇ngölbali̇, E , Bi̇ngölbali̇, F . "Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?". International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 7 (2020 ): 240-252
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks? AU - Erhan Bi̇ngölbali̇ , Ferhan Bi̇ngölbali̇ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33200/ijcer.689555 DO - 10.33200/ijcer.689555 T2 - International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 240 EP - 252 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - -2148-3868 M3 - doi: 10.33200/ijcer.689555 UR - https://doi.org/10.33200/ijcer.689555 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks? %A Erhan Bi̇ngölbali̇ , Ferhan Bi̇ngölbali̇ %T Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks? %D 2020 %J International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research %P -2148-3868 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33200/ijcer.689555 %U 10.33200/ijcer.689555
ISNAD Bi̇ngölbali̇, Erhan , Bi̇ngölbali̇, Ferhan . "Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?". International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research 7 / 1 (June 2020): 240-252 . https://doi.org/10.33200/ijcer.689555
AMA Bi̇ngölbali̇ E , Bi̇ngölbali̇ F . Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research. 2020; 7(1): 240-252.
Vancouver Bi̇ngölbali̇ E , Bi̇ngölbali̇ F . Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research. 2020; 7(1): 240-252.
IEEE E. Bi̇ngölbali̇ and F. Bi̇ngölbali̇ , "Divergent Thinking and Convergent Thinking: Are They Promoted in Mathematics Textbooks?", International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 240-252, Jun. 2020, doi:10.33200/ijcer.689555