Social Studies and Love of Art: Students and Teachers Enlighten the Connections

Abstract views: 46 / PDF downloads: 28




Social studies, Education, Art, Secondary school


Art and artistic activities that play a significant role in the lives of both children and adults, are an important requirement for all individuals. Cultures develop, expand, and enrich through artistic activities, which are important for the development of visual literacy, especially in social studies. The present study aims to determine the reflection of various artistic branches in social studies course and the student interest and love that art considered to evoke in the context of the social studies course. In the study, qualitative research methods and techniques were used to review relevant documents and to determine the participant views about the role of art in social studies. First, the current Turkish social studies curricula and textbooks were analyzed. Then, an interview form developed by the authors was applied to 80 students attending all grades in a public middle school and 3 teachers employed in these schools in one of the major cities in Turkey. The attributes employed by the teachers and students in the interview form were analyzed with thematic/content analysis. The study findings demonstrated that that the curricula and textbook achievements that allow activities in several art branches were limited. However, despite the limitation, the study findings demonstrated that the students were interested in different art branches and evidenced the support of the social studies to the development of interest and love for certain learning areas.


Akhan, N. E. (2013). Art perceptions of social studies teacher candidates and their views on teaching art subjects. Uşak University Journal of Social Sciences, 146-162.

Akkus, Z. (2006). The use of epics in social studies teaching. KKEFD/JOKKEF, 14, 31-48.

Aktekin, S., & Coban, Z. (2012). Teacher and student views on the use of historical movies and TV series in history lessons: Trabzon example. Journal of Black Sea Studies, 7(13), 2012.

Akyol, Y. (2011). The effect of associating the 'journey in Turkish history' unit with children's literature in the 7th grade Social Studies course on the empathy skills (tendencies) of the students. (Unpublished master's thesis). Celal Bayar University Institute of Social Sciences, Manisa.

Arnspiger, V. C. (1933). Measuring the effectiveness of sound films as teaching aids. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University.

Arslan, E. (2014). The effect of storytelling method on academic achievement in middle school 7th grade Social Studies course. (Unpublished master's thesis). Gaziantep University Institute of Educational Sciences, Gaziantep.

Atmaca, A. E. (2008). The necessity of art education and the role of media in social life. Family and Society, 4(15), 21-28.

Bacak, S. (2008). The effect of story-based learning approach on learners' academic achievement and creativity in primary school 5th grade social studies lesson. (Unpublished master's thesis). Celal Bayar University Institute of Social Sciences, Manisa.

Balci, A. (2004). Research methods, techniques, and principles in Social Sciences. Turkey, Ankara: Pegem A Publishing.

Beldag, A., & Aktas, E. (2016). Use of literary works in social studies teaching: A qualitative study. Erzincan University Journal of Education Faculty,18(2), 953-981.

Biber Öz, N. (2001). The importance of musical education in human cultural development. Journal of Uludag University Education Faculty,14(1), 101-106.

Birkök, M. C. (2008). The use of alternative media in education as a socialization tool: Cinema films. International Journal of Human Sciences, 5(2), 1-12.

Bölücek, B. (2008). The effect of using folk songs in social studies teaching on students' academic success. (Unpublished master's thesis). Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

Briley, R. (2002). Teaching film and history. Magazine of History, 16(4), 3-4.

Brinkmann, S. (2014). Unstructured and semi-structured interviewing. In P. Leavy (Ed.). The Oxford handbook of qualitative research. (pp. 277-299). UK: Oxford University Press.

Burstein, J. H., & Knotts, G. (2010). Creating connections: İntegrating the visual arts with social studies. Social Studies and Young Learner, 23(1), 20-23.

Champoux, J. E. (1999). Film as a teaching resource. Journal of Management Inquiry, 8(2), 240-251.

Chemi, T., & Nu, X. (2017). Arts-based methods in education around the world. Denmark: River Publishers.

Christensen, L. M. (2006). Using art to teach history to young learners. Social Education, 70(5), 312-315.

Colley, B. M. (2012). Teaching social studies through the performing arts. Educational Forum, 76(1), 4-12.

Cooper, B. L. (1998). Teaching with popular music resources: A bibliography of interdisciplinary instructional approaches. Popular Music & Society, 22(2), 85-115.

Costa, A. (2005). Arts integration in the social studies classroom (Master’s project). Retrieved from

Coskun Onan, B. (2016). Interdisciplinarity in contemporary art teaching: Phenomenology study. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Anadolu University Institute of Educational Sciences, Eskisehir.

Cetin, T. (2002). On the necessity of art education. Arts education and teacher training in Turkey. Gazi University's 75th Anniversary in Education Art Education Symposium Proceedings Book, (08-09-10 May 2002), Ankara.

Ciftci, T. (2011). The effect of the use of historical novels on students' academic achievement in social studies teaching. (Unpublished master's thesis). Gazi University Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

Demir, S. B. (2011). The effectiveness of the stories designed according to the social studies curriculum. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Marmara University Institute of Educational Sciences, İstanbul.

Demircioglu, İ. H. (2007). The place and importance of films in history teaching. bilig, 42, 77-93.

Desai, D., Hamlin, J., & Mattson, R. (2010). History as art, art as history: Contemporary art and social studies education. New York, NY: Routledge.

Deveci, H. (2009). Making use of culture in social studies lesson: Examining prospective teachers' cultural portfolios. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 8(28), 1-19.

Dorminey, S. J. (2015). Arts-integration in a middle grades’ social studies classroom. Retrieved from

Efe, Ü. (2010). The use of films in social studies teaching. (Unpublished master's thesis). Nigde University Institute of Social Sciences, Nigde.

Egüz, Ş. (2022). Social studies instruction with educational music: Write, compose, and apply. SAGE Open, 12(3), 1-13.

Eisner, E. W. (1987). The Role of discipline- Based art education in American’s schools. Art Education, 40(5), 6-45.

Elo, S., & Kyngäs, H. (2008). The qualitative content analysis process. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107-115.

Ercan, M. (2007). The adequacy of art subjects in primary education social studies programs in the Republic period. (Unpublished master's thesis). Firat University Institute of Educational Sciences, Elazig.

Erdogan, N. (2007). The effect of illustrated stories on the development of historical thinking skills in the teaching of history subjects in primary school social studies lesson. (Unpublished master's thesis). Marmara University Institute of Educational Sciences, İstanbul.

Erkan, A. (2010). Art and art education in social studies discipline. In R. Turan & K. Ulusoy (Eds.). Basics of Social Studies. Ankara: Maya Academy Publications.

Fowler, C., & McMullan, B. S. (1991). Understanding how the arts contribute the excellent education (study summary), national endowment for the arts. Retrieved from

Freedman, K. (2000). Social perspectives on art education in the U.S.: Teaching visual culture in a democracy. Studies in Art Education, 41(4), 314-329.

Gezici, M., & Demir, S. B. (2018). Reflections of historical TV series and films on social studies lesson. Turkish History Education Journal, 7(2), 392-413.

Gültekin, G., Akpınar, M., Nohutcu, M., Özerdoğan, P., & Aygün, S. (2018). Middle school and imam hatip middle school social studies textbook. Retrieved from

Gulum, K., & Ulusoy, K. (2008). The use of folk songs in the treatment of immigration in social studies lesson (a sample study). Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 7(26), 112-127.

Gungor Akıncı, B. A. (2016). Developing historical thinking skills by using representational pictures in the teaching of the Gallipoli Wars. Abant İzzet Baysal University Journal of Education Faculty, 16, 1082-1105.

Hailat, S., Khasawneh, S., Shargawi, S., Jawarneh, M., & Alshudaifat, S. (2008). Human resource education: Does listening to music during instruction affect Jordanian secondary students’ academic achievement? International Journal of Applied Educational Studies, 2(1), 1-12.

Herberholz, B. (2010). Art works…when integrated in the curriculum. Arts and Activities, 148(4),14-26.

Kallio, H., Pietilä, A. M., Johnson, M., & Kangasniemi, M. (2016). Systematic methodological review: Developing a framework for a qualitative semi-structured interview guide. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(12), 2954-2965.

Karasar, N. (2007). Scientific research methods. Ankara: Nobel Publications.

Kosky, C., & Curtis, R. (2008). An action research exploration integrating student choice and arts activities in a sixth grade social studies classroom. Journal of Social Studies Research, 32(1), 22-32.

Koçoğlu, E., & Egüz, Ş. (2019). The problematic identifications of educators in the field of social studies education in Turkey. Manas Journal of Social Studies, 8, 27-38.

Laney, J. D., Moseley, P. A., & Pak, L. K. (1996). Children’s ideas about selected art and economic concepts before and after an integrated unit on instruction. Children’s Social and Economic Education, 1(1), 61-78.

Lauri S., & Kyngäs, H. (2005). Developing nursing theories. Werner Söderström: Dark Oy, Vantaa.

Liles, R. E. (2007). The use of feature films as teaching tools in social work education. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 27(3/4), 45-60.

Longhurst, R. (2016). Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. In N. Clifford, M. Cope, T. Gillespie & S. French (Eds.). Key methods in geography (pp. 143-156). London: Sage Publication.

Manifold, M.C. (1995). Art education in the social studies. Retrieved from

Marcus, A. S. (2005). It is as it was: Feature film in the history classroom. The Social Studies, 96(2), 61-67.

MoNE. (2018). Social studies course curriculum (Primary and Secondary School 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Grades). Ankara: National Education.

Miles, M, B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded Sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Morris, R. V., & Obenchain, K. M. (2001). Three methods for teaching the social studies to students through the arts. Retrieved from

Muratalan, T. (2010). Problems faced by history teachers while using historical films. (Unpublished master's thesis). Marmara University Institute of Educational Sciences, İstanbul.

NCSS (2002). The social studies professional. Washington DC: National Council for the Social Studies.

Ozsoy, V. (2003). Historical and intellectual foundations of visual arts education painting business education. Ankara: Gündüz Education and Publishing.

Oztas, S. (2009). The use of films in social studies teaching. In M. Safran (Ed.). Social Studies Teaching. (pp. 341-360). Ankara: Pegem Academy Publishing.

Ozturk Kurtaslan, B. (2005). Sculpture-environment relationship and design in open spaces. Journal of the Institute of Social Sciences,18(1), 193-222.

Ozturk, C., & Otluoglu, R. (2002). The effect of using written literature products as a lesson tool on gaining affective behavioral characteristics in social studies teaching. Marmara University Atatürk Faculty of Education Journal of Educational Sciences, 15, 173-182.

Ozturk, Ç. (2007). Use of literary texts in geography education. Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Education Journal, 24, 70-78.

Palmer, J., & Burroughs, S. (2002). Integrating children’s literature and song into the social studies. The Social Studies, 93(2), 73-78.

Romero, J. (1996). Integrating visual and performing art into social studies. Washington D.C: California State University.

Rosenstone, R. A. (2001). The historical film: Looking at the past in a postliterate age. Retrieved from

Russell, W. B. (2012). The art of teaching social studies with film. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues, and Ideas, 85(4), 157-164.

Safran, M. (2002), A research on the structure and problems of history teaching in secondary education institutions. Turkish Dormitory Magazine, 22(175), 73-79.

Savas, B., & Arslan, Ö. (2014). Students' views on the use of films in teaching the history of revolution and Kemalism course. Education and Society in the 21st Century, 3(8), 129-147.

Say, A. (2002). Dictionary of music. Ankara: Music Encyclopedia Publications.

Schmidt, L. (2007). Social studies that stick: How to bring content and concepts to life. Portsmouth, N.H.: Heinemann.

Sidekli, S., & Coskun, İ. (2014). Folk Song: A new approach in social studies teaching. Trakya University Journal of Social Sciences, 16(1), 23-32.

Sizemore, J. (2011). Integrating social studies and the arts: Why, when, and how. Retrieved from

Smith, L.L. (1999). Effects of discipline-based art education and interdisciplinary art education on artistic development and production, higher level thinking and attitudes toward science and social sciences. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Memphis, Memphis.

Starks, H., & Trinidad, S. B. (2007). Choose your method: A comparison of phenomenology, discourse analysis, and grounded theory. Qualitative Health Research, 17(10), 1372-1380.

Stoddard, J. D. (2009). The ideological implications of using “educational” film to teach controversial events. Curriculum Inquiry, 39(3), 407-433.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. New Delhi: Sage Publication.

Suri, H. (2011). Purposeful sampling in qualitative research synthesis. Qualitative Research Journal, 11(2), 63-75.

Sahin, E. (2018). Middle school and imam hatip secondary school social studies 5 textbooks. Ankara: Anadol Publishing.

Taylor, J. A. (2008). From the stage to the classroom: The performing arts and social studies. The History Teacher, 41(2), 235-248.

Taylor, J. A., Monck, T., & Ayoub, S. (2014). Arts integration in the social studies: Research and perspectives from the field. The Councilor: A Journal of the Social Studies, 75(1), 22-48.

Tekgöz, M. (2005). The effect of literature-based teaching method on students' academic success and retention in primary school 7th grade social studies lesson. (Unpublished master's thesis). Cukurova University Institute of Social Sciences, Adana.

Turkdogan, G. (1984). Art education methods. Ankara: Ayyıldız Printing House.

Ucan, A. (1997). Music education: Basic concepts, principles, approaches. Ankara: Music Encyclopedia Publications.

Uysal, A. (2005). The effects of art education lessons in primary education on creativity. Journal of Gazı̇ University Kırşehir Faculty of Education, 6(1), 41-47.

Vitulli, P., & Santoli, S. P. (2013). Visual arts and social studies: Powerful partners in promoting critical thinking skills. Social Studies Research and Practice, 8(1), 117-134.

Walker, T. R. (2006) Historical literacy: Reading history through film. The Social Studies, 97(1), 30-34.

Watts, R. (2007). Harnessing the power of film in the primary classroom. Literacy, 41(2), 102- 109.

Wengraf, T. (2001). Qualitative research interviewing: Biographic narrative and semi-structured methods. London: Sage publications.

Woelders, A. (2007). It makes you think more when you watch things: Scaffolding for historical inquiry using film in the middle school classroom. The Social Studies, 98(4), 145-152.

Yildirim, A., & Simsek, H. (2016). Qualitative research methods in the social sciences. Ankara: Seckin Publishing.

Yilmaz, F. G., Bayraktar, H., Özden, M. K., Akpınar, M., & Evin, Ö. (2018). Middle school and imam hatip secondary school social studies 6 textbooks. Retrieved from

Yilmaz, M. (2005). Applications in visual arts education. Ankara: Gündüz Education and Publishing.

Yin, R. K. (2011). Qualitative research from start to finish. New York: The Guilford Press.

Zwirn, S., & Libresco, A. (2010). Art in social studies assessments: An untapped resource for social justice education. Art Education, 63(5). 30-35.

Internet Addresses Using Images in the Article

Retrieved from: Retrieved from: heykeli-8/

Retrieved from:

Retrieved from:

Retrieved from:

Retrieved from:




How to Cite

Eguz, S. (2024). Social Studies and Love of Art: Students and Teachers Enlighten the Connections. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Research, 11(2), 276–292.