Adaptation of the Job Stress Scale into Turkish
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Keywords:Job Anxiety, Time Stress, Scale Development, Factor Analysis, Validity and Reliability
By means of this study, it is aimed to develop a scale to determine teachers' job stress. Exploratory factor analysis of the job stress scale was conducted on a sample of 167 teachers and confirmatory factor analysis was carried out on a sample of 185 teachers. The Job Stress Scale developed by Parker in 1983 was used in the research. The 13-item scale was first adapted into Turkish and reviewed by field experts. As a result of the exploratory factor analysis of the five-point Likert-scale, a two-factor structure emerged. According to the exploratory factor analysis, the scale items were collected in two clusters called job anxiety and time stress. This two-factor structure was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis fit indices are at best fit and acceptable fit levels. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient calculated to determine the reliability of the scale was determined as .843. The job stress scale is valid and reliable in the sample of teachers.
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